sopwith 1 1 2 strutterThe Sopwith 1 1/2 Strutter before completion in an undated photograph. A group of 60 volunteers in Scotland has been working on the airplane for over 22 years. Now the plane could be just a few months away from finally leaving the ground.

Team Of Volunteers Finish Building WWI Plane After More Than 20 Years

By Simona Kitanovska
via the Zenger News web site 

A team of volunteers has completed the construction of a World War I biplane after more than 20 years – and they are now preparing to fly it.

The Sopwith 1 1/2 Strutter was built from scratch by the Aviation Preservation Society of Scotland, in the United Kingdom.

The group is made up of 60 members, with around 20 who have been getting together every week at a farm near the Scottish seaside town of North Berwick, in the U.K., to work on the plane.

Now after 22 years, the plane could be just a few months away from finally leaving the ground.

The plane was the first British two-seat aircraft to enter service with a synchronized machine gun, allowing the pilot to aim the plane rather than the gun at the enemy.

It first came into service in 1915 and was instrumental in the war effort as a reconnaissance aircraft.

The Aviation Preservation Society of Scotland (APSS) chairman, Mike Harper, 63, who has been with the group for eight years, said he is delighted to see the plane come together and hopes to see it in the air in about three months.

And he said the group already has plans to build another WWI aircraft.

Harper, a semi-retired electrical engineer, said: “We have about 60 members, but we have around 15 to 20 members that are regulars coming in and doing work.

“We’re absolutely delighted to see it come together, but there’s a feeling of caution, like anything to do with aviation.

“The anticipation of getting it in the air is fantastic."


Harlem Armory boxCourtney Burns, director of the New York State Military Museum, examines the copper box time capsule discovered inside the cornerstone of the original section of the New York National Guard’s historic Harlem Armory during renovation work. The box, which was not known to be in the corner stone, contained documents pertaining to the 369th “Harlem Hell Fighters” or World War I fame, as well as documents of importance to the Black community in 1923 New York City.  

Harlem Armory time messenger reveals snapshot of 1923 

By Eric Durr, New York National Guard
via the Defense Visual Information Distribution Service (DVIDS)

SARATOGA SPRINGS, New York --The replacement of a 99-year-old granite cornerstone plaque of the New York National Guard's Harlem Armory drill floor, exposed a mystery when contractors found a sealed copper box inside the stone on Feb. 19, 2022.

The armory, home of the New York Army National Guard's 369th Sustainment Brigade, was built to house the 369th Infantry Regiment -the drill hall in 1921-24 and the administrative building in the 1930s- made famous during their service in World War I as the Harlem Hell Fighters.

Originally the 15th Infantry, New York National Guard, the regiment comprised of Black Soldiers and commanded mostly by white officers, fought as part of a French division.

Renumbered as the 369th U.S. Infantry, the regiment spent 191 days in combat, never retreated and accumulated 170 French Croix de Guerre awards for heroism.

The mystery box's contents highlighted the pride of Black New Yorkers in their regiment, their culture, and city officials' recognition of the 369th and the black community, according to Courtney Burns, the director of the New York State Military Museum, in Saratoga Springs, New York.

Boxes like this were a way of reaching out to the future, Burns said.

The ceremonial cornerstone was laid on May 27, 1923, by New York City Mayor John Francis Hylan, who had also broken ground for the armory in November 1921.

William Hayward, who had commanded the 369th in France and was then the U.S. attorney for New York, spoke at the ceremony, as did Congressman -later New York City mayor- Fiorello LaGuardia.

The team at the New York State Military Museum couldn't find any mention of the time capsule left in the cornerstone in reports of the event, Burns said.

So, when construction crews took off the decaying granite with 1922 chiseled on it, they were surprised to find a hollowed-out area with the box inside, said Capt. Douglas Peters, the project manager for the Harlem Armory.


 Lt Col James Rieger and namesake armoryJames E. Rieger was instrumental in the establishment and training of a National Guard company in Kirksville. He was lauded a hero in World War I after leading a charge to capture a critical hill during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. On Sept. 9, 2022, Rieger will be inducted into the Missouri National Guard Hall of Fame in the armory that bears his name.

World War I hero to be inducted into Missouri National Guard Hall of Fame 

By Jeremy Amick
via the News Tribune newspaper (MO) web site 

While serving on the front lines in France during World War I, Lt. Col. James Rieger might have avoided direct threats to his safety by ordering subordinates to perform dangerous tasks.

Yet this dedicated officer, who spent years of his own time training a group of National Guardsmen in Kirksville, led his soldiers from the front, thus earning him the unwavering respect of his troops and the second highest combat award.

Born in Peoria, Illinois, in 1874, Rieger was but 6 years old when his family moved to Missouri. They established their new home on a small farm near Kirksville, and it was there a young Rieger embraced the pursuit of educational opportunities while also being instilled with a rural work ethic.

"James E Rieger began his education in the public schools of Peoria, continuing the same in the county schools of Adair County ... and in the State Normal School," wrote Walter Barlow Stevens in Volume 3 of his historical compilation "Missouri the Center State: 1821-1915."

He added, "He then entered the University of Missouri at Columbia, from which he was graduated with the degree of L.L.B in 1897. When he was nineteen years of age, he began to assist his father with the work on the farm during his summer vacations, attending the State Normal School and later the university during the winter sessions."

While attending the university in Columbia, Rieger took classes in tactics and developed an unabated interest in military affairs. Following his graduation, he returned to Kirksville to practice law and served two years as the county's prosecuting attorney. In 1901, he married his fiancée, Alma Wray. The couple were devout Baptists, actively serving in their local congregation.

His commitment to his wife and career as an attorney was paralleled by his interest in all things military, eventually resulting in his enlistment as a private and working his way up to captain of Company C, 4th Infantry Regiment of the Missouri National Guard.

Through his leadership, evenings spent in uncompensated training and the dedication of the soldiers under his command, his company acquired the reputation of being one the most efficient in the state. 

Edgar White described Rieger in the June 13, 1919, edition of Christian Advocate as a country lawyer who "in the trial of cases ... was gentle, good-natured, always deferring to the other side with courtesy. For years he had command of a company of the National Guard ... and it was notable that while other companies sometimes got tired and lost interest, (his) men were always enthusiastic, always ready."

In Volume II of the "Centennial History of Missouri: 1820-1921," Walter Stevens wrote of Rieger, "When friends intimated that Captain Rieger might be giving too much time to the military, the reply would be, 'I'll study law all right, but I've got to be ready for war.'"


 Merle Hay Merle Hay was a native of Glidden, Iowa who became the town's first resident to enlist in the U.S. military during World War I. He was the first Iowan killed in WWI, and one of the first three Americans.

One of Iowa’s Oldest Shopping Malls is Named After Iowan Lost at Just 21 in WWI

By Bob James
via the KHAK radio station (IA) web site 

One of the most well-known and oldest malls in the entire state of Iowa opened in 1959. It's named after a man who died more than four decades earlier.

Merle Hay Plaza in Des Moines opened on August 17, 1959. It was originally to be named Northland Shopping Center. Executives from Younkers, its first anchor store, believed the mall should be named Merle Hay. The road in front of the shopping area under construction was already called Merle Hay Road.. something that had happened not long after its namesake had died in 1917.

In 1972, the shopping plaza became enclosed and was renamed Merle Hay Mall (2021 photo below). Now, for more on Merle Hay himself.

Merle Hay was a native of Glidden, Iowa who became the town's first resident to enlist in the U.S. military during WWI. Hay joined the U.S. Army in May of 1917 and after a brief time at Fort Bliss, Texas, he was serving in France by the time he celebrated his birthday in July.

On the morning of November 3, 1917, Hay and other members of Company F of the 16th Infantry were attacked by the Germans. According to Iowa PBS, Private Hoyt Decker witnessed Merle Hay taking on two German soldiers with his bayonet. Unfortunately, Hay's "body was found face down in the mud, a .45 caliber pistol in his hand. The cause of death was a single 9-millimeter bullet wound to the head. His throat was deeply cut." Merle Hay was just 21 years old. He was the first Iowan killed in WWI, and one of the first three Americans. Two other U.S. soldiers were killed in the same attack with a dozen Americans captured and five others injured.

The bodies of Hay and his comrades were buried on the battlefield where they passed away. Hay would receive the Silver Star for "his valor and historic actions at Bathelemont, France" after his death, according to Find a Grave.

In 1921, the remains of Private Merle D. Hay were moved to his hometown of Glidden, Iowa. His funeral was held on July 24, 1921.


77th infantry 1919 return from FranceSoldiers of the 77th Infantry Division aboard the troop ship SS America before landing in Hoboken, New Jersey on 1919. The 77th was composed of men from the greater New York area. According to writer Hal Brands, the rapid return of American forces from Europe post-Versailles was one reason the treaty failed to prevent future conflicts: "America’s strategic withdrawal from Europe destabilized the complex set of arrangements that might have made that settlement last." 

World War I History Is Wrong, and Skewing Our View of China 

By Hal Brands
via the American ENterprise Institute web site 

World War I was the war that made the 20th century. It introduced humanity to the horrific potential for mass slaughter in the industrial age. It broke an international system that had prevailed for nearly 100 years, since Napoleon’s defeat. It turbocharged the toxic ideologies — fascism and communism — and the geopolitical tensions that made the 20th century an age of conflict.

Hal BrandsHal BrandsNot coincidentally, the conflict also powerfully shaped our understanding of how the world works.

The systematic study of international relations, in universities and think tanks, was a response to the war of 1914-1918. Many ideas that shape current debates on foreign policy grew out of interpretations of how that war started and why it failed to produce a lasting peace. Even today, when analysts warn of an unwanted war with China, or bemoan America’s alleged lack of magnanimity following its victory in the Cold War, they are invoking perceived lessons of World War I.

Alas, some of the most commonly held ideas about the war are wrong — and they deeply skew our understanding of the modern world. For the U.S. to thrive in the great rivalries shaping this century, it must better understand the conflict that ushered in the last.

World War I was not an accidental war, or one that policy makers “sleepwalked” into. A determined but anxious Germany was willing to take risks to achieve goals it could not attain through peaceful means. The resulting conflagration was not a pointless slugfest. It was part of a longer-running clash between liberalism and illiberalism. And the fatal flaw of the postwar peace was not that it was too harsh; the trouble was that America’s strategic withdrawal from Europe destabilized the complex set of arrangements that might have made that settlement last.

Wars typically don’t happen by accident. They happen when countries knowingly take military risks to achieve their political objectives. Yet the myth that conflict can erupt even when no one wants it persists, and it traces back to a particular understanding of World War I.

Europe “slithered over the brink into the boiling cauldron of war,” David Lloyd George, the British prime minister during the last two years of the conflict, later wrote. Hair-trigger military plans, interlocking alliance commitments and rampant nationalism — according to this interpretation — turned the assassination of an Austrian archduke into an all-consuming conflict that the combatants would have preferred to avoid.

The truth is far closer to what some German historians began to argue in the 1960s and 1970s: The taproot of the conflict was ambition and risk-taking in Berlin.


Doughboys unloading from transportDoughboys unloading from transport in France in 1918. As determined by post-war interviews with German soldiers and citizens, "The Germans fear the Americans more than any other enemy forces on the front.”

What German soldiers thought about Americans in the aftermath of World War I 

via the We Are The Mighty web site 

Exploding in his HandsAmerican intelligence wasn’t particularly developed around the time of World War I. In fact, Americans, especially President Woodrow Wilson, didn’t much care for the idea of American spies.

As the war raged on in Europe, the positive results of intelligence activities conducted by the British began to change people’s minds. In fact, British intelligence collecting the Zimmerman Telegram helped get the U.S. into the war in the first place. The note was an offer by Germany to support Mexico in a war with the United States, should the U.S. enter World War I. The British intercepted the note and published it for the world to see.

After the war, American military intelligence officers reviewed troves of documents that detailed interrogations and intercepted diplomatic cables. They compiled the opinions of German soldiers and citizens upon meeting Americans for the first time.

It was released in a 1919 report called “Candid Comment on The American Soldier of 1917-1918 and Kindred Topics by The Germans.”

The preface of the 84-page report says it contains the unedited, “unfavorable criticism” of Germans against Americans and soldiers in the American Expeditionary Forces and that “much of the comment is favorable is, therefore, significant.”

Here are the top 10 comments about the American soldier from the point of view of their German enemy:


How the 'First Real New York Gangster' Turned Guardsman Helped End World War I 

ByStephen Ruiz
via the web site 

As Monk Eastman lay in a field hospital, he learned his infantry division was preparing to breach the Hindenburg Line -- the Germans' last line of defense on the Western Front during World War I. Despite being sidelined with leg injuries and the victim of a gas attack, Eastman didn't come this far to be a bystander.

Half-naked and with bare feet, Eastman fled the hospital under the cover of night to join his company. He helped the Allies penetrate the Hindenburg Line on Sept. 29, 1918, six weeks before an armistice agreement was signed.

It wasn't surprising that Eastman did not follow doctor's orders. Following rules was not in his DNA, for Eastman had been a gangster before he enlisted in the New York National Guard in 1917.

Born Edward Osterman, Edward "Monk" Eastman led a collection of criminals that, at one point, numbered nearly 1,200. The infamous Eastman Gang's illegal enterprises including larceny, running brothels, dealing opium (Eastman became an opium addict) and rigging elections for Tammany Hall.

Eastman -- dubbed the "first real New York gangster" -- served several prison sentences, including at Sing Sing. After he was convicted for stealing silver, Eastman served about three years in another prison and was released in October 1917. By that time, his gang had disbanded, and the United States was embroiled in WWI.

Keeping his past secret, Eastman -- in his early 40s at the time -- enlisted under the alias William Delaney. When Army medical examiners in Brooklyn saw his scar-covered torso, misshapen ears and a nose that had taken its share of punishment, they wondered what had happened.

"Oh, just a lot of little private wars around New York," Eastman told them, according to a story on

Eastman saw no reason to elaborate, and the doctors -- finding that answer sufficient or perhaps deciding they didn't want to know more -- didn't inquire further. Eastman passed his physical and joined the 106th Regiment of the 27th Infantry Division of the New York National Guard.


 William Billy Mitchell as a pilot in WWI and as decorated after the warWilliam "Billy" Mitchell as a pilot in WWI (left) and wearing his many wartime decorations as a Brigadier General post war. He predicted with eerie accuracy the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, HI whichwould take place in 1941, five years after his death, binging America into WWII.

Mitchellism: the concept that airpower is "the dominant military factor" was born in WWI

By Peter T Young
via the Images of Old Hawaiʻi web site 

World War I, also known as the Great War or the War to End All Wars, began in 1914 after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. His murder catapulted into a war across Europe.

During the conflict, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central Powers) fought against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Romania, Japan and the United States (the Allied Powers).

Four years later, when Germany, facing dwindling resources on the battlefield, discontent on the homefront and the surrender of its allies, was forced to seek an armistice on November 11, 1918, ending World War I. (The Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919.)

At the dawn of WWI, aviation was a relatively new field; the Wright brothers took their first sustained flight just eleven years before, in 1903. WWI was the first major conflict to use the power of planes, though not as impactful as the British Royal Navy or Germany’s U-boats.

The use of planes in WWI presaged their later, pivotal role in military conflicts around the globe. During WWI, there was no ‘Air Force’ as we identify it today; the aviation forces were under the US Army Air Service, created during WWI by executive order of President Woodrow Wilson after America entered the war in April 1917.

Later, Congress created the Air Corps on July 2, 1926, and it was abolished with the National Security Act of 1947, establishing the United States Air Force on September 18, 1947.

Gen. William ‘Billy’ Mitchell, a staunch advocate and visionary of air power, became regarded as the ‘Father of the United States Air Force,’ because he was instrumental in bringing to the forefront the need for air superiority.

“Mitchellism” was coined by the press to symbolize the concept that airpower was now the dominant military factor and that sea and land forces were becoming subordinate.

In the intervening years, the correctness of his thinking, the accuracy of his predictions, the risks he took, the sacrifices he so willingly made of his health and his career, and, by far the most important, the influence he had on his successors have conferred a new, higher, and entirely contemporary meaning on “Mitchellism.” 


Foresight on Consequences of World War I: America’s Founding Proposal for a Constitution To Unite the States 

By Thomas Bruscino
via the Constituting America web site

Federalist Papers 6 and 7 are at first glance an odd place to go when it comes to explaining the onset of World War I. Their topic is the threat of internal war among the states absent the adoption of the unified federal republic in the Constitution. But the fundamental principles expressed, especially that the “causes of hostility among nations are innumerable,” will resonate with generations of World War I students who have tried to catalogue the many causes of the Great War.

SMSBodrogWWI1914Yugoslav monitor Sava, Austro-Hungarian Navy, SMS Bodrog. She fired the first shots of World War I, 29 July 1914 when she and two other monitors shelled Serbian defenses near Belgrade.Publius’s point is that independent states will disagree about much and eventually fight over something. That was especially true in the semi-united states, with their close proximity to one another, the unclaimed and disputed lands to the west, their uneven economic power, and their shared and unshared debts. What is worse, in order to get an advantage in these disagreements, the states might enter into smaller alliances with each other or with European powers, thus becoming “prey to the artifices and machinations of powers equally the enemies of them all.”

Even the broadly democratic and commercial nature of the states would not help, despite the claims of “visionary or designing men, who stand ready to advocate the paradox of perpetual peace between the States, though dismembered and alienated from each other. The genius of republics (say they) is pacific; the spirit of commerce has a tendency to soften the manners of men, and to extinguish those inflammable humors which have so often kindled into wars. Commercial republics, like ours, will never be disposed to waste themselves in ruinous contentions with each other. They will be governed by mutual interest, and will cultivate a spirit of mutual amity and concord.”

If true, asserts Publius, then that should be true of all states, not just republics. But it wasn’t true. “Has it not, on the contrary, invariably been found that momentary passions, and immediate interest, have a more active and imperious control over human conduct than general or remote considerations of policy, utility or justice?”

There they are in Federalists 6 and 7, the many causes of the Great War laid out in principle: security and proximity, economic competition, domestic politics, imperial rivalries, confusing alliance politics, and honor and passion (in monarchies and democracies alike). Publius even anticipated and rejected the arguments of people like Ivan Bloch and Norman Angell that rational calculations about the destructiveness of warfare, especially in the interconnected modern economic world, would or should forestall war.

Given these great truths, Publius argued that the best hope for stopping war among the American states was to unite them under the proposed federal constitution. It did not always work—rebels literally drew states into a war against the nation. But it mostly worked. The overwhelming majority of the disputes among American states have not led to war.

In principle, maybe, and the principle is as far as Publius goes for the wider world. The Federalist Papers focused on the principles behind the best government for the United States, and on this issue they weren’t even sure the federal republic would work, let alone for the far more divided wider world. The Constitutional system Publius proposed was exceedingly fragile. That is why the principles elucidated in the rest of the Federalist Papers went far beyond the causes of war between states.

Perhaps that truth best resolves the seeming paradox of how Woodrow Wilson, an explicit critic of the Constitutional system, came to advocate for a seemingly Publius-like worldwide “Confederative Republic” in the League of Nations. Wilson wanted lasting peace among nations, and he believed that it was only possible if nations gathered together under a cooperative worldwide government of sorts. On its face, it appears that Wilson agreed with the principles of the Federalist Papers, but only on this narrow issue. But the Founders believed that the American Constitutional Republic only had a chance of preserving peace among the states if all of the principles undergirding it, those expressed across the Federalist Papers, remained in place.


 George Dilboy WWI Medal of Honor recipient credit public domainGeorge Dilboy World War I Medal of Honor recipient

George Dilboy, The First Greek-American Who Fell in World War I 

By Philip Chrysopoulos
via the Greek Reporter web site

It was on July 18, 1918, that George Dilboy was killed on a battlefield near Belleau, France in WWI after fighting so courageously that he was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor, America’s highest medal for bravery.

The Greek-American’s conspicuous heroism was so outstanding that he was recognized and honored by three US presidents. Woodrow Wilson signed the authorization awarding Dilboy the Medal of Honor while Warren G. Harding brought his remains back to be buried with honors at Arlington National Cemetery, and Calvin Coolidge presided at his final burial there.

Born in Alachata in Western Anatolia in 1896, Dilboy’s Greek name was Γεώργιος Διλβόης, which was Americanized when his family emigrated to the United States.

Andrew T. Kopan wrote about Dilboy in an article titled “Defenders of the Democracy: Greek Americans in the Military,” in the Greek-American Review in September of 1998.

According to Kopan, “After the Balkan War of 1912-13, his family fled to America to avoid persecution from the Turks…On July 25, 1917, he was assigned to company H, 103rd Infantry, 26th Division. He was sent with his company to France and took part in the Champagne-Marne defense and the Aisne-Marne counter offensive.”

The official citation of Dilboy’s Congressional Medal for Bravery reads: “Private Dilboy, accompanying his platoon leader to reconnoiter the ground beyond, was suddenly fired upon an enemy machine gun, rushed forward with his bayonet fixed through a wheat field toward the gun emplacement.”

Dilboy fell “within twenty-five yards of the gun, with his right leg nearly severed and with several bullet holes in his body.”

The citation notes that “With courage undaunted, he continued to fire into the emplacement from a prone position, killing two of the enemy and dispersing the rest of the crew.” 


A Broken Wreath US 1Woodrow Wilson and his wife Edith at their arrival in Paris in 1918.

What two giants of History say to each other in silence 

By Yorick de GUICHEN, Board Member, Society of the Cincinnati
Special to the Doughboy Foundation web site

Every year, the Society of the Cincinnati invites one American student to France to commemorate the friendship between French and American officers who fought together during the American War of Independence.

On July 2021, as soon as John P.P. Beall gets out the plane, I ask him, “Do you like biking?”

After dropping his luggage, we leave home to discover different statues: Washington and Lafayette - place des États-Unis; George Washington - place d’Iéna; Gilbert du Mothier, Marquis de Lafayette - in front of the Grand Pa-lais, Admiral de Grasse and his troops - under the Trocadero. We also ride along the quays of the Seine to the Statue of Liberty, then on rue Jacob to the Hotel d’York to see the commemorative plaque of the Peace Treaty recognizing the Independence of the United States, and then rue du Cherche Midi to the Maréchal de Rochambeau’s mansion, first headquarters of the Société des Cincinnati de France. It is around four o’clock in the afternoon, John and I have lunch in Saint Germain des Prés. Suddenly, I ask him, “And Picpus?” John answers, “Why not?” We speed on our bicycles, thinking we’ll be too late to reach Picpus Cemetery (close to the Place de la Nation) before it closes.

A woman with eyes the color of water opens a large blue gate. Her name is Genevieve, she kindly reassures us that we still have an hour. We visit the Chapel (where there were continual prayers since the French Revolution until recent times) and we are slowly overcome by the unique intensity and memories elicited by this revered place. Behind the blue gate, time stands still at Picpus.

John and I walk to the tomb of Lafayette. During our minute of silence, I notice a metal wreath behind the tomb, one part of which seems to be missing. I hesitate for one moment, then I suggest that I should put it back in place. I open a fence and notice that one part of the wreath is broken, and the rest is detached from its stand. I look at John and tell him smiling, “We now have a mission.”

Six months pass. It is the beginning of April, and I am back from an exhibition of MEANING – Honoring U.S. engagement in WWI - at Pierre Norange School in Saint Nazaire with a class of students from the Defense section. The crisis in Ukraine has just started and I am making a speech there about peace, in front of the U.S. Consul Elizabeth Webster who opened the conference. The next morning, I arrive early in Paris and decide to return to Picpus. The sun is just rising, the cemetery is closed, but the blue gate is half open. I enter. On my right, I hear a dog barking, but I continue, pass the Chapel, cross the gardens until I arrive at the wall surrounding the cemetery. To my surprise, the door is opened inviting me inside. I recognize the tomb of Layette and behind it there still is a broken wreath. I look at the tomb and ask him, “What do you want me to do?”

I decide to go back. In the alley leading to the garden, I meet the curator of Picpus who is holding on to his dog.

“The cemetery is closed,” he says.

“Yes, but the door was open,” I reply.

“What are you doing here?”

“I am coming to meditate on Lafayette’s tomb,” I reply. “And I think there is a metal plaque that is broken.”

“There is no broken metal plaque,” he responds.

“Are you sure? Why don’t we have a look together?”

“Ah, my friend, that is not a plaque, it is a wreath, that is very different,” he says (and insists on the “very”).

Together, Jean-Jacques Faugeron - the curator - and I agree to have the wreath restored. He says he will manage to contact the technical services of the Military Governor of Paris, an expert team in such restorations. On the metal wreath is inscribed, in a handwritten script: “To the Great Lafayette, from a fellow Servant of Liberty, Woodrow Wilson, December 1918.”

This is the story of the wreath and the plaque:


 nieuport 28 american heritage museum wwi 1536x1023The American Heritage Museum will unveil its completed 1917 Nieuport 28 restoration project at the organization's first annual World War I Aviation Special Event Weekend September 17 and 18, 2022.

World War I Aviation Weekend at The American Heritage Museum 

via the American Heritage Museum web site 

The American Heritage Museum presents the first annual World War I Aviation Special Event Weekend at our museum and airfield in Hudson / Stow, MA!

This weekend will be the official unveiling of our original 1917 Nieuport 28 restoration project and we aim to fly it each day* for our visitors. We are also working with several organizations to bring and display their accurate World War I replica aircraft and original rotary engines as well.

We will also be bringing some of the original rare WWI uniforms and flight clothing of noted World War I aviators that is part of the Parks Collection that has moved to the American Heritage Museum. Such examples are the original uniform of Douglas Campbell, America’s First Ace; and the original leather flight coat of Captain Eddie Rickenbacker.

Gates open at 9:00am and close at 5:00pm each day. Demonstrations and schedules will be firmed up as we get closer to the event.

All three museums will be open: The American Heritage Museum, The Historic Aviation Hangar and Classic Automobile Barn. This is a unique opportunity to see some of the world’s most rare aircraft, extraordinary American classic automobiles, historic tanks, armored vehicles, military artifacts and much more.

There is over 100,000 square feet of space within the American Heritage Museum and Hangar combined.

Food and beverage will be available for purchase on site and picnics are allowed.


American Legion Hurst Turner Post 65American Legion Hurst Turner Post 65 is being recognized this week at the World War I memorial in Washington. 

Statesville American Legion Post recognized at WWI memorial in DC 

via the Statesville Record & Landmark newspaper (GA) web site

A local American Legion Post is being recognized this week at the World War I memorial in Washington, D.C.

At 5 p.m. each evening through Saturday, a bugler will play “Taps” in recognition of Hurst Turner and American Legion Post 65, which is named in honor of Turner.

Turner was killed on July 24, 1918, in Belgium and was buried at Oakwood Cemetery. Turner was 28 and the first Statesville soldier to be killed in World War I. Shortly after his burial, the American Legion post was named in his honor and still carries his name.

Daily “Taps” at the WWI memorial is a program supported and managed by The Doughboy Foundation to honor all those who have served or are serving this nation.

The playing of daily “Taps” can be viewed at